Last minute revision

Last minute revision of Infectious Disease

Staph. Aureus Inflammatory dis. : skin infections organ abscesses Pneumonia ( often after influenza virus infection ) Endocarditis Septic arthritis Osteomyelitis   Toxin-mediated dis. : Toxic shock syndrome (TSST-1 ) : fever , vomiting , rash , desquamation , shock , end-organ failure   Scalded skin syndrome (exfoliative toxin ): widespread formation of fluid-filled blisters […]

Last minute revision of Gastro Intestinal Medicine

Important topics in Gastro Intestinal Medicine. Aphthos ulcer Painful, superficial ulceration of the oral mucosa , Characterized by a grayish base surrounded by erythema . Behcet syndrome Recurrent aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, and uveitis Oral herpes Vesicles involving oral mucosa that rupture, resulting in shallow, painful, red ulcers Squamous cell carcinoma of Mouth Oral leukoplakia […]

Last minute revision of Blood Disorders

Important topics in hematology( blood disorders). Immune thrombocytopenic purpura ITP microhemorrhage : mucous membrane bleeding , epistaxis , hemoptysis , GI bleeding , hematuria , and menorrhagia , petechiae , purpura , intracranial bleeding occurs with severe thrombocytopenia ,↑ bleeding time . Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia 1. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura TTP : same as ITP . […]

Last Minute revision of Dermatology

Important topics to revise in dermatology Atopic eczematous dermatitis Pruritic eruption, commonly on skin flexures. Often associated with other atopic diseases (asthma, allergic rhinitis, food allergies). Contact dermatitis Type IV hypersensitivity reaction that follows exposure to allergen. Lesions occur at site of contact Urticaria Hives. Pruritic wheals that form after mast cell degranulation. Characterized by […]

Last minute revision of Nephrology

 Important points of Nephrology to revise during last minute. Horseshoe kidney Kidneys function normally. Associated withhydronephrosis (eg, ureteropelvic junction obstruction ) , renal stones, infection, hromosomal aneuploidy syndromes (eg, Turner syndrome; trisomies 13, 18, 21), and rarely renal cancer. renal agenesis Unilateral agenesis leads to hypertrophy of the existing kidney; hyperfiltration , increases risk of renal failure later […]

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