last minute revision

Last minute revision of Nephrology

 Important points of Nephrology to revise during last minute. Horseshoe kidney Kidneys function normally. Associated withhydronephrosis (eg, ureteropelvic junction obstruction ) , renal stones, infection, hromosomal aneuploidy syndromes (eg, Turner syndrome; trisomies 13, 18, 21), and rarely renal cancer. renal agenesis Unilateral agenesis leads to hypertrophy of the existing kidney; hyperfiltration , increases risk of renal failure later […]

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