internal medicine

Last minute revision of Infectious Disease

Staph. Aureus Inflammatory dis. : skin infections organ abscesses Pneumonia ( often after influenza virus infection ) Endocarditis Septic arthritis Osteomyelitis   Toxin-mediated dis. : Toxic shock syndrome (TSST-1 ) : fever , vomiting , rash , desquamation , shock , end-organ failure   Scalded skin syndrome (exfoliative toxin ): widespread formation of fluid-filled blisters […]

Last minute revision of Gastro Intestinal Medicine

Important topics in Gastro Intestinal Medicine. Aphthos ulcer Painful, superficial ulceration of the oral mucosa , Characterized by a grayish base surrounded by erythema . Behcet syndrome Recurrent aphthous ulcers, genital ulcers, and uveitis Oral herpes Vesicles involving oral mucosa that rupture, resulting in shallow, painful, red ulcers Squamous cell carcinoma of Mouth Oral leukoplakia […]

Last minute revision of Blood Disorders

Important topics in hematology( blood disorders). Immune thrombocytopenic purpura ITP microhemorrhage : mucous membrane bleeding , epistaxis , hemoptysis , GI bleeding , hematuria , and menorrhagia , petechiae , purpura , intracranial bleeding occurs with severe thrombocytopenia ,↑ bleeding time . Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia 1. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura TTP : same as ITP . […]

Last minute revision of Nephrology

 Important points of Nephrology to revise during last minute. Horseshoe kidney Kidneys function normally. Associated withhydronephrosis (eg, ureteropelvic junction obstruction ) , renal stones, infection, hromosomal aneuploidy syndromes (eg, Turner syndrome; trisomies 13, 18, 21), and rarely renal cancer. renal agenesis Unilateral agenesis leads to hypertrophy of the existing kidney; hyperfiltration , increases risk of renal failure later […]

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