Must know adverse effects in Pharmacology

List of all the important adverse effects of different common drugs that are usually asked in exams and also essential in our clinical practise. Agranulocytosis Clozapine, Chloramphenical Aplastic Anemia Chloramphenicol NSAIDs  Benzene       Atropine-like Side Effects Tricyclics Cardiotoxicity Doxorubicin    Daunorubicin Cartilage Damage in Children Fluoroquinolones (Ciprofloxacin & Norfloxacin) Cinchonism Quinidine Cough ACE […]

High Yield General Pathology

All the high yield facts from general pathology that are usually asked in examsUSMLE STEP 1, Medical Council exams. Reversible Cell Injury • swelling of cell organelles and entire cell • dissociation of ribosomes from endoplasmic reticulum • decreased energy production by mitochondria • increased glycolysis → decreased pH → nuclear chromatin clumping Irreversible Cell […]

Important Muscles origin, insertion, innervation & action for exams

 Origin, Insertion, Innervation and Action of commonly asked muscles of our body. Abductor magnus [Hamstring part] Origin: Ischial tuberosity Insertion: adductor tubercle of femur Innervation: tibial part of sciataic nerve (L4) Action: extends thigh Abductor magnus[Adductor part] Origin: Adductor part: Inferior ramus of pubis and ramus of ischium Insertion: Gluteal tuberosity, linea alba, medial supracondylar […]

List of common tumors, pathogens, causes and disorders

List of the most common tumors, causes, most common pathogens, most common disorders, etc. Most Common Primary Tumor arising from the bone in adults Osteosarcoma Most Common Adrenal Medullary Tumor Pheochromocytoma: 5 P’s: ↑ Pressure; Pain (Headache); Perspiration; Palpitations; Pallor/Diaphoresis Most Common Adrenal Medullary Tumor Children Neuroblastoma Most Common Agent of severe viral encephalitis Herpes […]

Commonly done medical lab tests and their normal values

 List of commonly done medical lab tests with their reference range as set by different reputed institutes. Ammonia 15-50 µmol/L Ceruloplasmin 15-60 mg/dL Chloride 95-105 mmol/L Copper 70-150 µg/dL Creatinine 0.8-1.3 mg/dL Blood urea nitrogen 8-21 mg/dL Ferritin 12-300 ng/mL (men), 12-150 ng/mL (women) Glucose 65-110 mg/dL Inorganic phosphorous 1-1.5 mmol/L Ionized calcium 1.03-1.23 mmol/L […]

High Yield Classification of Drugs

Drugs with their corresponding class according to their actions. Classification of drugs which are important for all. Antisera and Immunoglobulins Antisera (from Horse) Tetanus antitoxin (ATS) Gas gangrene antitoxin (AGS) Diphtheria antitoxin (ADS) Antirabies serum (ARS) Antisnake venom polyvalent Immuneglobulins (Human) Normal human gamma globulin Rho (D)immuneglobulin Tetanus immuneglobulin Rabies immuneglobulin Hepatitis-B immuneglobulin Ectoparasiticides 1. […]

High Yield Anatomy Mnemonics

Simple and fun anatomy mnemonics that will make anatomy easier to remember. Carpal Bones “She Looks Too Pretty; Try To Catch Her” -Scaphoid -Lunate -Triquetrium -Pisiform -Trapezium -Trapezoid -Capate -Hamate Tarsal Bones “Tiger Cubs Need MILC” -Talus -Calcaneus -Navicular -Medial cuneiform -Intermediate cuneiform -Lateral cuneiform -Cuboid Axillary Artery Branches “SomeTimes Life Seems A Pain” -Superior […]

How to download books and textbooks for free?

Many a times an eBook is enough instead of buying the hard copy of the book. Google search can sometimes be helpful but in most the cases, search for a textbook leads to some spam or fake sites. Here is an easy way to download books. 1. Goto or 2. Type in your textbook name, make […]

Investing simplified for younger generation

It’s crucial to educate yourself about finances, investing, and saving. Only financial freedom can lead to true freedom. Additionally, the internet is rife with get-rich-quick programs that are nothing more than frauds, so I made the decision to write down some of the things I know about investing and saving. Why do you need to […]

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